Rojava: Şehîd Şevger Ara Makhno – Fallen in the Defence of Afrin


Received on 23.03.18: 

Our anarchist comrade and friend Şevger Ara Makhno arrived in Rojava on 20th January 2018 to take part in the revolution. Only the day before the army of the Turkish state and its jihadist proxies had begun the invasion of the autonomous region of Afrin, an area which had remained at peace throughout seven years of war and had become both a cradle for the Rojava revolution and a safe haven for hundred thousands of refugees
from all over Syria. While the AKP and its allies ever more violently pushed Turkey towards fascism and the military brutally smashed the insurrection in North Kurdistan, Rojava and especially Afrin became a beacon of hope and resistance for all those who defied Erdogan’s regime.

Comrade Şevger was from Turkey himself, he passionately wanted to join this resistance at the frontlines. He received basic military training in the canton of Cizîre and on 19th February arrived in Afrin, where he immediately took part in the ongoing defence. As part of the Anti-Fascist Forces in Afrin (AFFA), a unit of internationalist revolutionaries within the YPG, he faced the invaders in the vicinity of Raco in the northwest of Afrin.

On the 4th March comrade Şevger had taken position on a hill outside the village of Berbêne ready to defend it against the advancing fascists. It was there that around 8AM he and two other YPG comrades were hit by an air-strike. All three of them lost their lives. In accordance with the wishes of his family his picture and legal identity will not be published, in order to protect the people close to him from repression.

We mourn the loss of our comrade and extend our condolences to all his friends, family and everyone who had the fortune to share their lives with this great and inspiring person. The people of Rojava and northern Syria and all those who are fighting for freedom and an end to oppression in the Middle East and beyond will never forget him. We know that he will live on that as long as his love and passion continue to thrive in our hearts.

Şehîd namirin!

Bi hev re heta hetayî – anarşîst û apocî!

If your heart is free the ground you stand on is liberated territory.
Defend it!

Şehîd Şevger’s anarchist comrades

Rojava, 21st March 2018

Posted in #Fight4Afrin, Afrin, Antifascist Forces in Afrin (AFFA), Combative Memory, Defend Afrin, North Kurdistan, Northern Syria, Rojava, Rojava Revolution, Turkey, YPG, Şevger Ara Makhno

Carry the Spark Inside Your Heart! Fight For Afrin!


Received on 23.03.18:

I met Haukur Hilmarsson (Spark) in Athens, where we lived together in the same squat.

Unfortunately, I didn’t get the chance to learn about his experiences that he gained during the last months while he was fighting with the International Freedom Battalion as this story will never be told by himself in person.

The fact of Haukur Hilmarsson being murdered in Afrin during the attack of the Turkish army is tied to his will to struggle for anarchist ideas, freedom and dignity, not just on a local level, but globally with international forces.

When I got to know him he had friends, comrades and lovers in Athens and all over the world. We went together to demonstrations, took part in assemblies, shared martial art skills, had long and intensive conversations and squatted houses to create (anarchist) spaces for people from different backgrounds. We lived in a self determined and self-organized way and did direct actions, attacking the capitalist and fascist forces trying to destroy and suppress us. We shared the desire to destroy all borders, nations and the state. Besides, Haukur Hilmarsson was not a simple anarchist personality. He wasn’t interested in staying in any (anarchist) bubble, but to connect with different minded people. I guess this is the reason why many people from different places love him. Because he was open to many different perspectives, he had a lot to offer on a practical, social and spiritual level and showed mutual respect to all.

Haukur Hilmarsson was a supporter of an idea that I would call “diversity of tactics”. He was into different kinds of intervention tactics: poems and music to lead the fire in our hearts, articles and speeches to express the desire of freedom, climbing and breaking into empty houses to squat and rebuild them, but arming himself with sticks and weapons to fight for revolutionary change. Haukur Hilmarsson was a Muay Thai kickboxer. We practiced together to develop our self self defense skills and to enable us to fight back with physical violence where it was necessary. He was not just a revolutionary anarchist, he was a friendly, kind and lovely person too. And when he took part in an action or participated in a project his potential would be in there.

I liked him a lot because of his personality and his inspiring way of life. We had a lot of fun during almost everything that we did together. I remember him as a social and open minded person with the ability to make commitments when they made sense to him. However Haukur Hilmarsson would never lose his individual and refreshing style. Maybe the explanation by a friend that we had in common is adequate to explain the complexity of his peaceful, but militant attitude: “a pacifist until the first hit”. I find it important to mention that he was not showing off, but he was conscious about the value of his experiences. All of these so called contradictions made him in my eyes amazingly beautiful.

The hierarchies inside of our anarchist structures were questioned and criticized by him on a regular basis. So I guess he wouldn’t mind for me to mention the following. Sometimes he was a tiny bit annoying and I respect that because it is totally human. Sometimes, he behaved in a way that is quiet typical for masculinity, especially that kind that is deeply entrenched inside of our anarchist struggles. The reason why I mention this is because I don’t want to draw a picture of a hero or show just one side of a person.

We should never forget the powerful and lovely actions that he took. All of those who met him will understand the loss that his death means. Nevertheless I have to say that I don’t recognize him as a hero. But without any doubt we can say that H. lived an intensive life and that he impressed many people so many times.

I remember that we were disagreeing on the question of our anarchist positions related to (corporate) media and his opinion that we should use the media strategically, which I didn’t agree to. I never saw the media as a legitimate tool to fight the battle against capitalism and the state because they are an integral part of the problem and therefore an enemy. However, it was fun to argue about those things with him. I think the understanding of our differences was important for our relation and did not change that I felt strongly connected to him on a political and on a personal level too.

Haukur Hilmarsson was not dogmatic at all. His positions were very political, but he was not limiting them to any ideology. Neither an anarchist nor any other ideology was recognizable when he was talking. It was obvious that he had a big interest in revolutionary struggles and their practical preparations. By being undogmatically anarchist he was a great influence for all of us. Haukur Hilmarsson was raising questions that were vital. He tried to figure out how to make our struggles strong and meaningful. Since the first day when I met Haukur Hilmarsson he made a very respectful, thoughtful and honest impression on me. He could say his opinion without hesitation, he could explain his positions, he was interested in a lot of different topics and he had a clear mind. But sometimes we were bored by political discussions or needed some rest, then we enjoyed being ironic, joked a lot and had a good time together. He was a great storyteller and soon it became clear that he had a lot of things to tell and I am thankful that he shared many fascinating and funny experiences with us.

Haukur Hilmarsson knew that he wasn’t fighting alone and he had comrades that were fighting alongside him. From Iceland, through Greece, to Rojava: He dedicated his life to the revolutionary struggle and so do we. The revolution is fought by us on a daily basis because we are anarchists who refuse to wait for a better moment in the future. Not because we are heroes and heroines, but because there isn’t any better moment than now. We carry Haukur Hilmarsson and his actions in our hearts, in our minds and in the fire that we spread. Until the death of capitalism and the destruction of the state! Therefore what we need is a revolution, our individual revolution and a collective revolution. We don’t need heroes. We simply need to recognize our own responsibility today. Unfortunately these heroic figures can’t make me feel better, at least not as long as I stay peaceful and don’t break with the pacified society. With other words: This heroism is ridiculous. It’s a construction made by passive observers. It is a meaningless construction created to protect the comfortable positions of the political left. We have to recognize the enemy in front of us, to take conscious decisions and to fight back – in our daily life, in our relationships, in our assemblies and in our struggles. The revolution is either fought by armed, decentralized and ordinary people or it has to fail. Either we all become heroines or none of us.

How can we hope for a better tomorrow when we don’t fight for a better today now? How can we talk about peace if war is the language that our enemy speaks? Some of us risk their lives to fight for a better tomorrow, but we all should take a step forward today and take risk. The armed struggle needs YOU!

A war against all authorities is needed if we really want to liberate ourselves and fight for the total destruction of the capitalist society and the domination by the state. So if we want freedom and self-determination, anarchy and autonomy, a world without borders and without domination – We should become a SPARK!


Hugs and kisses to those who carry the spark inside their hearts!

Solidarity to the revolutionary people in Rojava!

Revenge for Afrin! Revenge for Haukur Hilmarsson!

Posted in #Fight4Afrin, Afrin, Athens, Combative Memory, Greece, Haukur Hilmarsson, Iceland, International Freedom Battalion, Rojava, Rojava Revolution

Vienna, Austria: Revenge for Afrin – Resistance Means Life!


Received and translated by Insurrection News on 22.03.18:

Our hearts are burning with anger over the fascist attack by the Turkish army against Afrin. And so, as a sign of solidarity with the YPG / YPJ fighters in the Rojava region we attacked the ‘Ahmet Yesevi Camii’ Turkish club on 108/3 Tabor straße early in the morning of March 21st. Even though they present themselves to the public as just a ‘mosque club’, they are actually a fascist Grey Wolves organization.

We damaged their windows and left the slogan ‘AFRIN’.

Our motivation for the attack was not their religion or country or origin, but our hatred of their fascist ideology. In late February it became known to us that the Turkish army dedicated a bomb to the club that was used against the fighters of the YPG / YPJ.

While the aggressive war of the Turkish army takes place in northern Syria, many fascist stooges spread their ideology in Europe and support the military aggression of Turkey. A large part of the weapons and equipment used for the attacks against Rojava are also produced in Europe. Our answer: Direct actions against those responsible!

We are not only in solidarity with the antifascist defense against Turkey, we also support the resistant people in northern Syria and their struggle to build an emancipatory society there and around the world!

Fight for Afrin! Fight everywhere!

Anarchist Solidarity Front 161

Text in German


Posted in #Fight4Afrin, Afrin, Anarchist Solidarity Front 161, Antifascism, Austria, Defend Afrin, Direct Action, Graffiti, Rojava, Rojava Revolution, Vandalism, Vienna, YPG, YPJ

Belgrade, Serbia: #Fight4Afrin – From Belgrade to Afrin NO PASARAN! (Video)

Antifascist solidarity with Afrin and Rojava
19. march Belgrade

Svugde je Afrin, svuda je otpor.

In the recent days there have been several solidarity actions in Belgrade supporting the struggle for freedom and autonomy in Afrin, part of the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria (Rojava).

Posters and writings on the walls appeared in several focal points of the city, such as the turkish cultural center, the area of the Turkish embassy, universities etc. to denounce the unspoken profit that the Balkan weapon industry is making out of the recent conflict in Rojava and the political subjugation of the Vučić-government to the AKP.

In addition, this monday a banner was hanged from a building in Trg Republike (the main square of Belgrade) saying “Stop the invasion in Afrin! Lets defend self-organization against states and capital!!”

These actions are meant to support the resistance of people of Rojava, to stand for their social revolution that represents a threat to the expansionist fascism of AKP.

The silent complicity of EU and UN in the invasion is also mentioned as it is well known how several powers are benefiting not only financially but also politically from the attack on Afrin. In Belgrade as all over the world solidarity is shown to unveil the dirty side of an imperialist war against the people in Rojava perpetrated by this coalition of forces.

These acts of dissent anticipate the official international day of action for Afrin, called by the comrades of Rojava for the 24th of March.



Posted in #Fight4Afrin, Afrin, Antifascism, Banners, Belgrade, Defend Afrin, Direct Action, Erdogan Terrorist, Fuck AKP, Fuck Erdogan, Graffiti, International Solidarity, Rojava, Rojava Revolution, Serbia, Videos

Genoa, Italy: Righi Telecommunications Repeater Up In Flames / Genova, Italia: Repetidor de Telecomunicaciones en Llamas


We live in a world where being connected is essential if we want to keep up with the times and keep pace with the neurotic rhythm that modern society is offering us.
Human relationships have broken up behind displays, Apps.
Without WhatsApp you risk being excluded from your group of friends … seriously.
At work, in the family, as a couple, we all need to be constantly available: “send your precise position”, “send a selfie “, “listen to this voice message”.

Although we realize that “perhaps” we’re spending a lot of time at home, links are becoming more and more virtual and our first thought as soon as we get in after a day’s work is to turn on the pc, we don’t want to figure out for ourselves that something’s wrong, we’re lying to ourselves.
It’s a well-known fact that technology and its damsels have full control over our lives today, what needs to be analysed is why we’ve accepted it.

Perhaps because we consign ourselves to something we see as bigger than ourselves, perhaps because we are fed up with the unpleasant daily life imposed on us, the frivolous use of technology lightens up the day, or perhaps we even believe it’s useful.
One thing sure is that it is useful to the bosses!
Above all else technology and its equipment produce alienation.
The emptiness derived from this mediation is functional to power for keeping its hold firmly on the reins, not by chance new “Apps” such as Youpol turn frustrated citizens into guard dogs of power.
The fact is that for one reason or another we always have a screen in front of our eyes, big or small according to preference.

We delegate any choice whatsoever to a plastic and silicon object, now an actual extension of our body, and in moments of relaxation we rely on real opiates: TV series, online games, soccer games.
What we are experiencing today, turning us into unaware “perpetrators and victims” is the dramatic lobotomization of the human race.

In order to be spread, these new drugs require structures (pylons, antennas, repeaters) and instruments (software, panels of control) diffused far and wide throughout the country.
This makes it easier to attack them and harder for the authorities to defend them.
So for these reasons and thousands of others we are taking responsibility for our actions and claiming the attack on one of the main Telecom repeaters on the heights of Righi.

The cameras and motion detectors defending the metallic monster within the fenced-off area are many, but with the passion for freedom and a certain degree of determination certain obstacles can be overcome.
Once we positioned everything necessary we triggered the fuse… in a flash the parasitic light of the city passed into the background. Twenty litres of petrol took shape and our eyes and hearts lit up with joy!
It matters little if we are not understood, we are not seeking consensus but accomplices.
We are beyond miserable political calculation, we leave that to whoever wants to domesticate the masses by deluding them with the chimera of giving power to the people.
That said and done, we are not being as presumptuous as to say that we have fully dissected and solved the causes of the self-enchainment that society, which we also belong to, has become a material author of, but invite all those who feel close to such practices to take part in the celebration and continue attacking the techno-industrial apparatus.

We too have been encouraged by the summer barbecues of repeaters in France, England and other cities of Italy, including Genoa (also thanks to those who have taken on the task of translating foreign texts).
May the match pass from hand to hand without extinguishing!




(via Act For Freedom Now!)


[Traducido por Sin Banderas Ni Fronteras desde Actforfreedom]

Vivimos en un mundo en el que estar conectadx es esencial si queremos mantenernos al día y seguir el ritmo neurótico que la sociedad moderna nos ofrece.

Las relaciones humanas se han roto detrás de pantallas, aplicaciones.

Sin WhatsApp, se corre el riesgo de ser excluidx del grupo de amigxs…seriamente.

En el trabajo, en la familia, o en la pareja, todxs debemos estar constantemente disponibles: “envía tu posición precisa”, “envía una selfie”, “escucha este mensaje de voz”.

Aunque nos damos cuenta de que “quizás” estamos pasando mucho tiempo en casa, las conexiones se vuelven cada vez más virtuales y nuestro primer pensamiento tan pronto entramos después de un día de trabajo es encender el PC. No queremos darnos cuenta de que algo anda mal, nos estamos mintiendo a nosotrxs mismxs.

Es un hecho bien conocido que la tecnología y sus damas de honor tienen un control total sobre nuestras vidas en la actualidad, lo que debe analizarse es por qué lo hemos aceptado.

Tal vez porque nos resignamos a algo que consideramos más grande que nosotrxs mismxs, tal vez porque estamos hartxs de la desagradable vida cotidiana que se nos impone, el uso frívolo de la tecnología aligera el día, o tal vez incluso creemos que es útil.

¡Una cosa segura es que es útil para los jefes!

Sobre todo, la tecnología y sus aparatos producen alienación.
El vacío derivado de esta mediación es funcional al poder de mantener firmes sus riendas, no por casualidad nuevas “aplicaciones” como Youpol convierten ciudadanos frustrados en guardianes del poder.

El hecho es que, por una razón u otra, siempre tenemos una pantalla frente a nuestros ojos, grande o pequeña de acuerdo con nuestras preferencias.

Delegamos cualquier opción a un objeto de plástico y silicio, ahora una extensión real de nuestro cuerpo, y en momentos de relajación dependemos de opiáceos reales: series de televisión, juegos en línea, juegos de fútbol.

Lo que estamos experimentando hoy, convirtiéndonos en “perpetradores y víctimas” inconscientes, es la lobotomización dramática de la raza humana.

Para propagarse, estos nuevos medicamentos requieren estructuras (pilares, antenas, repetidores) e instrumentos (software, paneles de control) difundidos a lo largo y ancho de todo el país. Esto hace que sea más fácil atacarlos y más difícil para las autoridades defenderlos.

Entonces, por estos motivos y por otros miles, asumimos la responsabilidad de nuestras acciones y reclamamos el ataque contra uno de los principales repetidores de Telecom en las alturas de Righi.

Las cámaras y los detectores de movimiento que defienden al monstruo metálico dentro del área cercada son muchos, pero con la pasión por la libertad y un cierto grado de determinación se pueden superar ciertos obstáculos.

Una vez que colocamos todo lo necesario activamos el fusible … en un instante la luz parásita de la ciudad pasó a segundo plano.

¡Veinte litros de gasolina tomaron forma y nuestros ojos y corazones se iluminaron de alegría!

Poco importa si no nos comprenden, no buscamos consenso sino cómplices. Estamos más allá del miserable cálculo político, lo dejamos a quien quiera domesticar a las masas al engañarlas con la quimera de dar poder a la gente.

Dicho y hecho, no estamos siendo tan presuntuosxs como para decir que hemos diseccionado y resuelto completamente las causas del autoencadenamiento del cual la sociedad, a la que también pertenecemos, se ha convertido en autora material, sino que invitamos a todxs los que se sienten cercanxs a tales prácticas a participar en la celebración y continuar atacando el aparato tecno-industrial.

Nosotrxs también nos hemos sentido alentados por las barbacoas de verano de los repetidores en Francia, Inglaterra y otras ciudades de Italia, incluido Génova (también gracias a aquellxs que han asumido la tarea de traducir textos extranjeros).

¡Que la llama pase de mano en mano sin extinguirse!



Posted in Act For Freedom Now!, Anarchist Prisoners, anti-technology, Arson Attack, Davide Delogu, Direct Action, Genoa, Ghespe, Incendiary Attack, International Solidarity, Italy, Lisa, Maurizio Alfieri, Operation Scripta Manent, Sin Banderas Ni Fronteras, Tamara Sol Farías Vergara

Athens, Greece: Demonstration to Defend the Squats Community of Koukaki & in Solidarity with Squats & Places of Struggle


Almost a year ago, a new project bloomed in the neighborhood of Koukaki. We created a community of housing and struggling squats. We occupied three empty buildings which were getting rotten at Matrozou 45, Panaitoliou 21 and Arvali 3. We rebuilt them through a lot of work to become sustainable, to become places of gathering and communal organization. Some us them are living here permanently.

We are coming from different places of the planet, co-exist with dogs and cats, creating relations of solidarity and freedom. This community, as its buildings is opened to the people through discussions in public spaces, projections, music events, café-bar, presentations of theories, and games with children. We have create structures for common use like library-reading space, compost on the Filopappou hill, public bathroom-laundry and free shop to exchange clothes, laboratory of conserves production and urban gardening. From the very start, we knew that freedom can be claimed only through struggle. Our community is part of the anti-authoritarian/anarchist/libertarian movement and participates to the defending of the squats, in struggle against state repression, prisons and detention centers, against patriarchy, fascism, destruction of nature and stand in solidarity with migrants.

Out of institutions, legality and capitalism extortions, our multiethnic community gain grounds and became visible. As a result, the state and the fascists attacked us. On February 21, fascists tried to burn the squat at Panaitoliou 21, attack unsuccessfully repeated on 14 of March. On 12 of March, at 6 o’clock in the morning, the full-equipped mercenaries invade the neighborhood, surround and evacuate the squat Matrozou 45, beat up and arrest all the people who were inside the house, seize personal and collective objects, setting up another court case.

The operation of evacuation confronts a powerful resistance from comrades inside and outside the building. Meanwhile, people from the neighborhood try to interfere against the cops. Our resistance was a conscious political decision, it was the denial to submit ourselves to the violence of the state, it was a signal of struggle.

The evacuation let behind a strong police presence in the neighborhood, while the media create another climate of terror. The state brought on fear which everyone must break out, by taking position against repression and its presence in our neighborhood.

Our capacity to occupy buildings is a result of a struggle which is going on years now by a large and combative squatting movement where we also belong. For this reason the police operation was a coordinate attack. Alongside with Matrozou 45, the squats of Gare and Zaimi 11 were also evacuated. In this repression plan, fascists are playing a crucial, with their constant attacks to places of struggle, and at its summits the burning down of Libertatia. The list of attacks from the state and the fascists’ para-state is big. Even though, they remain unable to block the liberation.

We are a part a social base that reflects its radical and anti-state characteristic. The uncompromisable struggles and libertarian cultures. We are creating another world, we will transfer it, defend it and claim it until the time it will be a reality.

24 of March, Saturday, 12:00 in Paidiki Hara, Koukaki we are calling comrades, friends, from Athens and all over Greece, all of ages, genders, persons who work, studying, or are unemployed, with animals, with their music instruments and their means of expression, to walk together.






(via Mpalothia)

Posted in Antifascism, Arvali 3 Squat, Athens, autonomous spaces, Fuck The Police, Gare Squat, Greece, Koukaki, Matrozou 45 Squat, Panaitoliou 21 Squat, Repression, Zaimi 11, Zaimi Squat

Rome, Italy: Some Words from Prison by Anarchist Comrade Anna Beniamino


Right you are…if you think you are

Reflections and updates on a trial

There’s not much to be said about an episode of repression, after all it’s the simple cyclical occurrence of action and reaction – or even on how repression plays dirty – another well-known fact. At most these are just a few notes on the development of techniques and strategies.

This I’ll try to do. More than a year after the arrests, with the trial already underway, a crack has opened in the censuring bell jar and the court papers been disclosed in all their misery after the short report on the last issue of Croce Nera and the latest developments on the closure of investigations and the preliminary hearing.

Before any assessment, however, I simply want to reiterate my pride in anarchy and the anarchists who have allowed me to nourish myself on the solidarity of actions, written words, anger ricocheted behind the gates and from prison to prison, showing yet again how the anarchist tension is alive, topical and capable of ridiculing categories and jumping over the obstacles that repression wants to impose, shaking off the burden of fear and the myth of consensus.

I’ve always thought that anarchy is something serious if practised by women and men doted with reason and instinct, something that – when locked up in the cages and traps of dominion – turns against it and gains strength from the weakness dominion wants to instil. We’re here for this, in an endless game of dice between authority and its negation.

I’ve also always thought that anarchy has the unquestionable privilege of being able to lean on a strong philosophical, historical and cultural background, mixed with a primordial instinct for negation: elements that still continue to mingle spontaneously in effective destructive recipes.

“Anarchy is powerful, when it wants to be”, to quote anarchist comrade Panagiotis Argyrou in his communique written in the summer in solidarity with those arrested at the G20 in Hamburg.

The anarchist idea continues to be a problem for authority as it makes the practical action inherent in its negation clear to minds that are free.

But I don’t want to cause any misunderstanding, mere trials of ideas do not exist: when the repression strikes it always does after things have happened, precise actions that attack widespread social acquiescence and addiction to control typical of these times.

Action and reaction: trials are rigged against anarchists because of what anarchists are, enemies of the state.

Repression – and the consequent codification and application of the penal code – change form and adapt according to contingencies and the level of the ongoing conflict: they can move with vindictive fury, making a clean sweep of everything that lies before them, with bland paternalism or a with whole range of intermediate degrees. Sometimes it’s the refractory ones to give the pace to the action, at others they submit to, and react to, the backlashes of the repression. They often complain about moving when they are cornered, rather than attacking first. However one must be aware of the fact that taking blows doesn’t mean being ‘victims’.

It could be that victim of repression has been a role for too a long, an easy one for some, in the theatre of democracy, a fake unpleasant label that has produced pietism, not combative awareness.

The importance of the present times is in this passage: on the new or renewed awareness of being blunt instruments, bearers of subversive germs if we want, not only in the limited milieus of the movement but also in presenting ourselves, social or antisocial as we feel, as proud bearers of an intensive critique to the era of technological domination, global control and homologation.

Denuding the king and his shame, has been and will continue to be a target of the repression, past and present, with old and new tools. The ridiculous categories of the penal codes – defending criminal acts, instigation, association – aim at striking the connective tissue between word and action, solidarity.

We can’t let ourselves be surprised by this, over a century ago there were associations of wrongdoers, the directing authorities closed down papers and persecuted the subversives and their meetings, put the disreputable places where they would meet under surveillance. Today the web and digital communication are also monitored.

Unlike the past, however, control has become all-pervasive thanks to the advent of the new technological frills, which is often accompanied by less awareness and trust in one’s potential and possibilities of opposing it.

Repressive models and techniques are being re-proposed and updated (sometimes not even all that much), administered according to the needs: now, among other things, they are also used to restrain, or try to, an undeniable effervescence in anarchist milieus.

Acknowledging this doesn’t mean immobilising oneself like scared rabbits caught in the headlights of a moving lorry or hurling oneself – tied hands and feet – into the jaws of the monster, convinced of its inevitable voracity. Rather a change in perspective: aspiring, now and always, to become indigestible bites, without succumbing to the delusion of an omniscience and omnipotence of power, where often there is no global strategy but a formless intertwining of contrasting career interests, orders given and variously zealous officers.

The human factor should not be forgotten, even in the most degraded form that can emerge from those filling in files in police stations, who steal and deform pieces of our lives thus giving a wide view of their essential misery.

Starting at the end: from association to instigation and vice versa

With the notification of the end of investigations in April 2017 – for those arrested and others put under investigation in September 2016 – another charge has been added to those against 12 of the 17 defendants, namely article 414 (instigation to commit criminal acts) with intent of terrorism as creators and/or distributors of Croce Nera, paper and blog, with explicit mention of certain editorials and articles from issues 0 to 3. A sign of the times, the aggravating circumstance of ‘having committed the act through IT and telecommunication instruments’ was added to the charge of instigation.

Moreover on 2nd June 2017, with suggestive timing concerning the preliminary hearing of 5th June, repression’s pyramid marketing has added to their loot. Another 7 comrades are put under investigation for articles 270bis and 414 because they are editors (and not) of Croce Nera and the blogs RadioAzione and Anarhjia, besides accusing 2 of the 7 just mentioned of article 280, following the raids of September 2016 and the finding, among other material published in Croce Nera, of a copy of the claim for an attack on the court of Civitavecchia carried out in January 2016, signed Fireworks committee for an extraordinary year-FAI/FRI. The two lines of investigation were unified at the preliminary hearing and all were sent to trial without changing anything of the various charges. Practically, after a year of obsessive censorship control (through the systematic blocking and seizing of prisoners’ letters, which went directly to the prosecutor’s files and added to the acts of the preliminary hearing) and monitoring of solidarity, the prosecutor and the police managed to generate a punitive ‘summary’ procedure against some of those who had continued to keep in touch with them [the comrades on trial] and carried on editorial activities.

The simultaneous use of articles 270bis and 414 is now an example of their strategies, if we consider what happened with the ‘Shadow’ trial sentence in Perugia and the use they want to make of it in this one.

Not to mention the exacerbation of article 414 in recent years, as it is also being used ‘franc’, as winemakers would say, without using it on the margins of associative charges, but to strike any anarchist writing that ‘defends’ anarchist action, as a malleable lid with which to try to suffocate the flames of words and actions of solidarity.

However it should be stressed that the cop’s petty tricks have not scared anyone.

Recyclable paper…

…The structure of the investigation

It might be that written words remain but, with Scripta Manent the prosecutors and Digos of Turin didn’t want to throw anything away. They have exhumed from the ancestors’ cemetery about 20 years of monitoring and repression, archives and old trials, masticating them and spitting them out again.

• The ORAI trial (prosecutor Marini, ROS, Rome) of 1995;

• Investigation of the attack on Palazzo Marino in Milan in 1997 claimed by Azione Rivoluzionaria Anarchica;

• Investigation of International Solidarity (prosecutor Dambruoso, Digos, Milan) filed away in 2000;

• Operation Croce Nera (prosecutor Plazzi, ROS, Bologna), which in 2005 had led to the arrests of the Croce Nera editors of the time and which concluded shortly afterwards with a sentence of no case to answer;

• Investigation on the incendiary package sent to Lecce’s police chief in 2005 signed by Narodnaja Volja/FAI;

• Investigation of the attack on the carabinieri training barracks in Fossano and the incendiary packages claimed by FAI/RAT in 2006 (prosecutor Tatangelo, ROS, Turin) archived in 2008;

• Investigation of the incendiary packages and the attack on the Crocetta claimed by FAI/RAT in 2007, archived in 2009 (prosecutor Tatangelo, Digos, Turin);

• Operation Shadow (prosecutor Comodi, Digos, Turin), which began in 2009 based on articles 270bis and 280 and concluded in 2016 with sentences based on article 414 against the periodical KNO3 and 2 sentences for car theft and attempted sabotage of a railway line;

• Operation Ardire (prosecutor Comodi, ROS, Perugia), begun in 2010, leading to 8 prison arrests in 2012 and was later integrally included in Scripta Manent after territorial jurisdiction vicissitudes first in Milan then in Turin;

• Investigations Kontro, Replay, Sisters, Tortuga (prosecutor Manotti, ROS, Genoa) on attacks on carabinieri barracks in Genoa, RIS headquarters in Parma in 2005 and other attacks;

• Investigations Evoluzione and Evoluzione II (prosecutors Musto and Milita, ROS, Naples), begun in 2012 in reference to the attack on Adinolfi then ‘evolved’ into monitoring of RadioAzione and RadioAzione Croatia;

• Investigation Moto (prosecutors Franz and Piacente, ROS, Genoa), which in 2012 led to the arrests of Nicola Gai and Alfredo Cospito;

• Investigation of the parcel bomb sent to Equitalia (prosecutors Cennicola and Polino, Digos, Rome) of 2011, reopened in 2014;

• Investigation of an attack on the court of Civitavecchia and molotov against the carabinieri of Civitavecchia in 2016 (prosecutor Cennicola, ROS, Rome).

This long list has been made by sifting the index – and surely something has been omitted – not to mention a whole other series of monitorings and intelligence activities transferred from investigation to investigation, from police station to police station, often amidst territorial jurisdictions through the loopholes allowed by the formulation of associative crimes.

The strategy at the base of all this is clear enough, and the usual bulk of papers, however contradictory, becomes suggestive. Consider that all the acts of the above-mentioned proceedings have almost entirely been thrown into Scripta Manent, and along with the duo Sparagna/ Turin Digos’ elucubrations become over 206 files of judicial documents.

Filing and skimming off: hundreds of names and curriculum vitae, of episodes of daily subversion, filed, sectioned and recomposed ad hoc. To existential trajectories, fragments of discussions and publications are superimposed discordant interpretations according to the sharp eyes of the investigator on duty, attributive space-time acrobatics, neo-Lombrosian behavioural studies. It’s not the first time this has happened; the attempt at dividing between ‘good and the bad’ and the use of anarchist publications as ‘clandestine’ and prone to ‘association’ are also well tested.

It often occurs, and I’m the first to do so, that one uses irony against the obvious coarseness and incongruence of the judicial papers, forgetting that there is deliberate arrogance on the part of power in all this.

Besides their great or small catch, the repressive apparatus is fully aware of the manoeuvring that its anti-terrorism operations allows. Supervise and punish… in-depth monitoring of contacts, reactions, attempts to put pressure on the ‘capacity’ and extent of solidarity, long pre-trial imprisonments.

However I find short-sighted and mistaken the analysis that sees repression against certain sectors of the movement as a laboratory for experimenting repressive techniques, so as to extend them to vast social strata. There is there a certain paternalistic presumption in that, although naïve, beyond seeking consensus through the cement of repression, in these years’ lukewarm dissent.

When instead the use of carrot-and-stick is far more complex and subtle.

Power doesn’t need to lab test repression on anarchists, it just applies a fragment of the violence employed more ferociously elsewhere: when the state has no scruples about training armed gangs of mercenaries to defend its borders and interests, about drowning thousands of human beings every day, about using coercive measures to send people away from their own area every week for simple crimes of opinion (a simple click on the web page of any idiot, religious fundamentalist of the twenty-first century, is sufficient to find oneself on the first plane).

For now repression is administering well diversified punishments and it knows very well where it can extend indiscriminately, with the widest slave-like media coverage. Without omitting that also in the milieus of the movement there is no lack of ‘exemplary’ punishments.

It often happens that comrades are more cautious and aware in facing repression. It is not accidental that more attention is being paid to the development of filing techniques, control, massive monitoring, as well as the manipulation of consensus from these parts.

Police psycho-anthropology

In a framework of accusations where everything moves on deductions/illations, a kind of behavioural study intervenes in massive doses to try to put them together. The awareness – and subtracting oneself – of an all-seeing omnipresent police control become suggestive in themselves.

There are now consolidated practices in the milieus of the movement, or rather a social practice spread for the most diversified reasons: talking evasively on the phone or using it in a limited way, not compulsively as the perfect citizen consumer’s guide would like; taking care not to be followed; eliminating bugs and cameras from houses, cars, workplaces; being aware of computer control, to give a few examples.

For years, too, we’ve known about the cops’ opportunistic interpretations of relations with friends and comrades and in movement initiatives: to the unquestionable judgement of the spy on duty and/or calculated short-sightedness, according to the needs, one is too much or too little present. We also know about the cops’ passion for seeing any initiative, journey or out-of-town trip as a ‘meeting of associates’ (overzealous Piedmont cops even produced ample video-reports from the seaside, in Liguria on the rocks on the August holiday, with lots of swimming to the buoy as ‘secret meetings’).

Now, in a perfect encounter between psycho-police and Italian-style comedy, absence becomes suggestive: physical absence, absence of telephone calls and contacts. This is not linked to a given event or action by the accusation, but just avoiding control, or better not being monitored step by step, is sufficient and it’s not clear whether this happens because of those under control or the clear incapacity of the controllers.
Too much irony? Perhaps so, given that reality is made of obsessive and worrying control, that stops at nothing: impromptu searches to cover checks on malfunctioning bugs hidden in homes, control and x-rays of post, correspondence removed directly from post boxes and sorting offices; duplicate keys to get into workplaces in the absence of those under investigation, cameras hidden in public places because they are ‘possible targets’.

These are just a few examples of quite a capillary application of control, added to the traditional ones: telephones tapped for years, bugs in homes and workplaces, GPS in cars, cameras above doors of homes, basements and workplaces, cross checks of phone records and mobile phone positioning, tracking with photos and video recordings, control of mail and eavesdropping through computers.

Then, still in the techno-logic and pseudoscientific approach of the new millennium, a flourishing of statistics, diagrams, percentages, cross-matching of the oddest data: how often the defendants met over the years (…even at home, with relatives and partners, as well as at their own trials) and how often their respective telephones… met; in which days of the week most incendiary packages are delivered; which cities have most attacks; which words anarchists prefer to use… but here we are straying from sociological statistical and behavioural study to another cornerstone of the court…

The expert opinion approach

A tailoring technique attributing specific charges to individual defendants has emerged in this trial. Massive use is made of graphic, linguistic-stylistic appraisals in order to attribute the writing of some claims to a couple of defendants and give consistency to accusatory conjectures.

Put this way it might seem like something serious (because it serves as a pretext for pre-trial detention), but if we go deeper into the reading of a modern expert’s report either techno-logical or of the human mind, we can see how the methods employed are questionable and malleable and results uncertain.

On the one hand the decision to proceed by deliberately ignoring results that contradict the thesis to be maintained is obvious, so comparisons with negative results are ignored and texts are gone through to find those that meet the needs. Common expressions or those belonging to anarchist political-poetic language become so characteristic that attributions abound in this paroxysm of combinations… that is to say the most odd assortments emerge, that even go beyond the charges themselves.

The mechanism of repression is well aware of the inconsistency of certain comparisons and examinations – and they even admit it between the lines – but also knows that the use of DNA and other techno-scientific expert’s reports has been sold to public opinion as reliable incontrovertible technology and so they also try to use it in court. As a matter of fact the record of errors, manipulation and approximation is remarkable (even the law has been forced to admit it, after the early years of an ‘acritical’ use of biological reports). We have seen signs of this in recent times too, all over the world, in trials against comrades.

However, from this compulsive collection of material and cross comparisons some data can be obtained on their systematic collection and use.

The DAP [department of prison administration] offers itself as a container of, as well as identification photos and fingerprints, records of previous incarcerations, providing personal files and graphology samples of all the anarchists who have passed through the country’s jails, even extracting letters, demands, requests, etc. from their archives. If there had been no arrest or search, they go to the registry office or other municipal archives.

Various DNA databases have been in use for over 10 years, not only with samples taken during raids but also by keeping samples and making cross-comparisons of findings in various archives.

–These are just a few aspects to be developed and thought about. The fact remains that within a framework where repressive procedures are communicating vessels, absence is a sign of guilt, solidarity is an aggravating circumstance, if Scripta Manent was trying to strike a few anarchists, on the contrary it has contributed to making solidarity and awareness flourish and this – all things considered – can only continue to make me smile in spite of the constraints on my present horizon.

Rome, January 2018

(via Act For Freedom Now!)


Posted in Act For Freedom Now!, Analysis, Anarchist Prisoners, Anarhija, Anna Beniamino, Croce Nera Anarchica, Informal Anarchist Federation (FAI), International Revolutionary Front (FRI), Italy, Operation Scripta Manent, Radioazione, Repression, Rome